Solving Institutional Collective Action Problems in Multiplex Networks

Manoj Shrestha, Ramiro Berardo, Richard Feiock


This essay extends theoretical arguments pertaining to single (uniplex) networks on how to solve coordination and cooperation problems associated with institutional collective action to multiplex networks constituting both formal and informal relationships formed by policy actors. While coordination problems reflect difficulties for actors in arriving at jointly desired policy outcomes, cooperation problems mean that actors have conflicting interests and, thus, face incentives to defect on each other. We propose multiplex versions of bridging and bonding networks, which have been found suitable for solving coordination and cooperation problems in single networks. Although our approach is limited to the simultaneous analysis of formal and informal relationships in policy networks, the arguments we present should aid researchers interested in analyzing policy networks beyond these manifestations of inherently complex relationships.


Multiplex networks; institutional collective action problems; collaborative governance.

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Copyright (c) 2014 Manoj Shrestha, Ramiro Berardo, Richard Feiock

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