Parental commuting and child well-being in Germany

Keywords: commuting, child well-being, parent-child relationship, parent vs. child perspective, structural equation modeling


The number of people commuting to work is increasing, including those who spend at least two hours travelling to and from work per day. In Germany, the group of these long-distance commuters comprises about 1.6 million people. To date, there has been little research on the possible consequences of long commuting times for family life and commuters’ children. On the basis of a pooled data set from the German Family Panel pairfam, we examine the relationship between parental commuting, the parent-child relationship and child well-being, both from the parent’s as well as the child’s perspective while also distinguishing between mothers and fathers. Some results indicate that long-distance commuting is associated with a poorer parent-child relationship and ultimately with lower child well-being. However, the association is rather sporadic and substantively weak.

How to Cite
Borowsky, C., Drobnič, S., & Feldhaus, M. (2020). Parental commuting and child well-being in Germany. Journal of Family Research, 32(2), 357-392.