Citation and reference guidelines

Authors need to provide citations and references according to the following guidelines. Please contact the Editorial Office in case of questions: jfr@ifb.uni-bamberg.de.

1. Citations in the text

Citations in the text must be carried out the "American way": (Weber 1920), (Weber 1920; Simmel 1900; Berger & Luckmann 1969), (Jahoda et al. 1975). Cite only the first author followed by "et al." if the article has more than three authors. Do not use "ibid", "op cit", etc. Pages and pagination must be indicated like that: (Weber 1920: 15), (Simmel 1900: 20-25).

2. References

All English titles of books and articles start with a capital letter, all following words are to be written in lower case, except for proper names, all words for which upper case is mandatory, names of institutions and studies/programs.

2.1 Monographs

Family name(s), initial(s), (year). Title (italicized). City of publication: Publisher.

If applicable, the edition number follows in parentheses after the title (not italicized).

Example:

Becker, G.S. (1998). A treatise on the family (4th ed.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

When several names are to be cited, place a comma between individual names. e.g.: Taylor, A., Smith, B.

Also, place an ampersand (&) between the next-to-last and the last name, e.g. Banks, C., Cohen, S. & Kelly, M.

Example:

Hoffman, L.W. & Youngblade, L.M. (1999). Mothers at work. Effects on children’s well- being. New York: Cambridge University Press.

If possible, diacritical signs in proper names (mostly family names) should be employed, e.g. Krämer, Kağıcıbaşı, Forêt, Ásvány, Gałęwewski

2.2 Contributions in collected editions

Family name(s), initial(s) (year). Title. In: Family name(s), Initial(s) (Ed./Eds.), Title of collection (italicized). City of publication: Publisher, Pages.
https://doi.org/<insert doi here, if available>

Example:

Amato, P.R. (2004). Divorce in social and historical context. Changing scientific perspectives on children and marital dissolution. In: Coleman, M. & Gamong, L.H. (Eds.), Handbook of contemporary families. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 265-281.

2.3 Journal articles

Family name(s), initial(s) (year). Title. Journal’s name (italicized), Volume, Issue, Pages.
https://doi.org/<insert digital object identifier here>

Example:

Roe, A., Bridges, D., Dunn, J. & O’Connor, D. (2006). Young children’s representation of their families: A longitudinal follow-up study of family drawings by children living in different family settings. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30, 6, 529-536.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025406072898

2.4 Other work

Family name(s), initial(s) (year). Title. Type of publication. City of publication.
https://doi.org/<insert doi here, if available>

In this case, the exact type of publication should be given, e.g. mimeo, expertise, Ph.D. thesis, etc. If applicable, the name of a discussion/working paper series etc. follows after the type of publication.

2.5 Online resources

Internet URLs should be added at the end of the bibliographical data, together with the date of last retrieval.

Example:

European Institute for Gender Equality (2017). Gender Equality Index 2017. Measuring gender equality in the European Union 2005–2015.
http://eige.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/20177277_mh0517208enn_pdf.pdf [retrieved July 5, 2019]

2.6 Digital Object Identifiers

Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) must be placed at the end of the bibliographical data, following the journal’s title (or, if already published in hardcopy or issued, accompanying additional information on the exact location of the article within the issue).

Examples:

Leopold, T. & Schulz, F. (2018). Health and housework in later life: A longitudinal study of retired couples. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.
https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gby015.

Roe, A., Bridges, D., Dunn, J. & O’Connor, D. (2006). Young children’s representation of their families: A longitudinal follow-up study of family drawings by children living in different family settings. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30, 6, 529-536.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025406072898