Complexity in Governance Network Theory

Erik-Hans Klijn, Joop Koppenjan


In this article, we discuss how complexity is viewed in governance network theory. The article provides a systematic elaboration of the notion of complexity, distinguishing three types: substantive, strategic , and institutional complexity. We argue that dealing with these types of complexity in networks is essentially a matter of mutual adaption and cooperation. An important explanation for the occurrence of deadlocks, breakthroughs and outcomes is the presence and the quality of attempts to manage complex interaction processes in networks.


Governance networks; substantive complexity; strategic complexity; institutional complexity; network management.

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Copyright (c) 2014 Erik-Hans Klijn, Joop Koppenjan

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